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Senior Carers Workers win stage in appeal for right to settle in UK | Immigration Matters

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The Joint Council for Welfare of Immigrants (JCWI) has posted the following article on their appeal to win settlement rights (Indefinite Leave to Remain) for Senior Care Workers who came to the UK on Work Permits.

Senior Care Workers fight for the right to settle in the UK

Senior Care Workers fight for the right to settle in the UK

JCWI is acting for a number of overseas care workers – senior carers, as they are known in the various Home Office policies which relate to them.

We understand that there are around 20,000 non-EEA migrant workers currently working as senior carers in the UK. Many of them were recruited by agencies, particularly in the Philippines, in the early years of this century, at a time when the UK Government was desperate to fill vacancies in the nursing homes, retirement homes and hospices throughout the country. JCWI understands that it had been hoped that the many vacancies in this field of employment would be filled by the opening up of Europe to the so-called “A8″ nationals (mainly from Eastern Europe) in 2004. However, these vacancies were apparently not filled and it was necessary to spread the net more widely.

Courting care workers

There are a number of reasons why efforts were made to recruit such workers from the Philippines in particular. Their nationals are well-educated, many of them qualified as nurses, physiotherapists etc in their home country; furthermore many of them are English-speaking, having studied on courses in which English was the medium of instruction, and have a tradition of working abroad to support their families at home. They came to the UK to do jobs which most British and European workers are unwilling to do, working long hours, often on night shifts, for minimal rates of pay.

Most of those currently working in care jobs in our nursing homes were recruited abroad, granted work permits and brought to the UK with the promise that, after four years (later raised to five years) of hard work, they would have the right to settle in the UK. They resigned from their jobs, sold their property and gave up everything on the basis of a promise of a better standard of living, a good education for their children and the chance to settle.

Legal changes

On 6 April 2011 the UK Government changed the legal requirements for those who come to the UK for work (either on work permits or, more recently, under Tier 2 of the Points Based System) to settle after five years’ continuous work. A new requirement  that the person applying to settle had to be earning “at or above” the “correct” rate, as set out in the UK Border Agency’s Standard Occupational Classification Codes of Practice, was introduced. In the case of the senior care workers that rate is £7.02 per hour. However, many senior care workers are not earning this much.

One of the biggest employers of these care workers, Southern Cross, has this year gone into administration, and it has become clear that these homes are not able to pay their employees the expected rate of £7.02 per hour. Furthermore British workers are often not earning as much as this, and it is clearly not possible for the care homes to pay their foreign workers more than the local work force.

Successful Appeal

A large number of these care workers have been refused settlement since 6 April 2011 because of this rule change. JCWI has now successfully represented two of these care workers in their appeals before the First Tier Tribunal, and is in the process of acting for a number of others.

In summary our appeal was allowed on three grounds:

Firstly, the Tribunal held that SSHD’s decision to refuse settlement on the basis of the new income threshold was unlawful on Pankina grounds. In short, the income levels contained in the codes of practice imported substantive criteria into the Rules. This was exactly what Pankina considered impermissible.

Linked to the above, we argued that there was a breach of legitimate expectation. When the Appellant first came to the UK as work permit holder, she had understood that provided she remained in work permit employment, doing the same or similar work under similar conditions, she would be in a position to apply for settlement. There was no suggestion at that time that she would need to earn a particular wage.

In relation to Article 8 ECHR, it was accepted that Article 8 ECHR was engaged and that there would a breach in the light of the frustration of the Appellant’s legitimate expectations- the decision could not be in accordance with the law. Even if this was incorrect, policy points we had raised about the new threshold being a backdoor means of bringing in the skills threshold NVQ3/SVQ3 (the revised salary was linked to that skill level) had been waived for care workers could be taken into consideration in proportionality arguments.

We are actively looking to assist foreign migrant workers who have been refused settlement for the reasons mentioned above. If you would like to speak to a legal advisor about this please call 020 7251 8708. Ends. Source: JCWI.

Cynthia Barker, Immigration Adviser for Bison UK, welcomed the ruling and was delighted for the Senior Carers. She said:

‘Bison UK has helped thousands of Filipino and Indian Senior Carers come to the UK on Work Permits.

‘Hundreds of these hard working carers were badly affected, through no fault of their own by changes to the Immigration Rules on Senior Carers. In some cases whole families had to leave the UK losing everything, at a time when employers could not afford to lose them.

‘We hope this ruling will bring an end to the nightmare these workers have been through and finally give them peace of mind.’

Despite high UK unemployment healthcare support workers or care assistants are still desperately needed by employers who cannot fill vacancies locally.

With millions of British people unemployed and the country’s economy in the doldrums, in theory the care industry should have no problems in finding care or support workers for the 20,000 plus homes. 

That’s the theory, but in practice care home employers are still desperate for staff, especially outside the main cities. 

Care homes find it increasingly difficult to employ Tier 4 students when many are only allowed 10 hours work per week.

And students renewing their visas with private colleges after 4 July 2011 will no longer be allowed to work at all or sponsor their dependants.

In fact only students (applying or renewing visas after 4 July) who are studying at post graduate level or above at a government university will be allowed to work and sponsor a dependant

European workers 

Workers from A8 accession countries such as Poland have full ‘free movement of Labour’ rights to work in the UK, however, many care home owners say that they are not that keen on care work either and are looking for higher paid work.

As the newest members of the European Union, Bulgarians and Romanians also have ‘visa-free’ access to enter the UK, however, they do not enjoy the same rights to work as the earlier ‘A8’ Eastern European EU accession countries.

Romanian and Bulgarian citizens who exercise their Treaty Rights (under Article 39) and apply for an accession card as students taking vocational or sandwich courses (e.g. NVQ/QCF in Health and Social Care), are allowed to work full time, as stated on their Yellow Cards.

See also:

Health care workers needed in UK now

EU and non-EU workers take more UK jobs as number of Britons in work plunges

Raising the amount husbands must earn to £26,000 would disqualify two thirds of immigrant brides, according to government watchdog MAC

UK Border Agency issues new policy guidance on age 21 marriage visas following Quila and Bibi judgement

Court overturns UK Government’s non-EU under 21 spouses ban

JCWI and ILPA update on Zambrano case

EctHR Judgment Bah v UK

UK Border Agency announce further changes to the student visa system

‘Pet cat Human Rights Appeal’ overstaying student was a shoplifter

Mandatory English tests for immigrant spouses are fair, High Court rules


Free Movement of EU nationals explained

Immigration Rules for Bulgarian and Romanian nationals

If you need any immigration advice or help with Sponsorship or Work Permits, Visa, ILR/Settlement, Citizenship, dependant visa or an appeal against a refusal please email: or visit

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  1. […] Senior Carers Workers win stage in appeal for right to settle in UK […]

  2. […] Senior Carers Workers win stage in appeal for right to settle in UK […]

  3. […] The findings of this report do not reflect the anecdotal evidence from care industry and catering employers who are finding it difficult to recruit senior carers. […]

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