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Romanians top OECD migration list | Immigration Matters

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The US is the top destination for permanent immigrants according to a recent report.

The international migration outlook 2011 released by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) highlights the top 25 countries with the highest number of immigrants into OECD countries and also shows where they come from.

The US was home to 1,130,200 immigrants in 2009, a rise of 2.1% on 2008. The UK follows in second place, seeing a jump of 14.5% on the number of immigrants since the previous year. However the UK is also ranked the 8th highest for the number of people migrating to other OECD countries – 133,000 people migrated in 2009.

China was the top country for immigration into OECD countries in 2009 with 468,000 nationals emigrating.

Romania has by the far the largest number of emigrants per million population at 12,000 whereas despite their high ranking, China has 350 emigrants per million population.

Despite being EU members, Romanians and Bulgarians and do not enjoy the same rights to work in several European countries as the earlier ‘A8’ Eastern European EU accession countries such as Poland, Slovakia and Latvia.

Out of the top 25 countries listed, only seven recorded percentage increases in immigrants during 2007-2009. Iraq has seen a 22% increase during 2007/2009 of people emigrating towards the OECD countries. The Dominican Republic records highly too with a 21% increase.

Data showing the top 25 countries of immigration into OECD countries and inflows of permanent immigrants by country can be seen in our spreadsheet. The tables below show the data concerning OECD countries but there is additional countries and years in the spreadsheet to download.

Data summary

Top 25 countries of immigration into OECD countries, (Thousands)Click heading to sort – Download this data
Order Country 2000 2005 2007 2009 % of all immigration % change 2009/2007 Emigrants per million population
SOURCE: OECD
1 China 301 438 542 468 9.2 -14 350
2 Romania 90 205 453 255 5.0 -44 12000
3 India 114 208 216 226 4.5 5 190
4 Poland 107 266 263 204 4.0 -22 5360
5 Mexico 180 174 206 180 3.5 -13 1640
6 Philippines 171 189 160 161 3.2 1 1750
7 United States 114 126 142 135 2.7 -5 430
8 United Kingdom 99 160 144 133 2.6 -8 2160
9 Germany 80 105 166 131 2.6 -21 1600
10 Ukraine 135 130 147 126 2.5 -14 2750
11 Morocco 103 136 161 123 2.4 -23 3850
12 France 74 66 74 81 1.6 10 1300
13 Korea 59 67 80 79 1.6 -1 1640
14 Pakistan 53 68 76 78 1.5 2 430
15 Peru 22 63 100 77 1.5 -23 2650
16 Viet Nam 52 78 98 77 1.5 -22 870
17 Russian Federation 92 94 78 77 1.5 -2 540
18 Bulgaria 90 94 96 74 1.5 -23 9770
19 Colombia 68 63 89 71 1.4 -21 1550
20 Italy 63 54 80 71 1.4 -12 1180
21 Dominican Republic 26 43 54 65 1.3 21 6460
22 Turkey 85 73 60 59 1.2 -1 790
23 Uzbekistan 49 38 66 59 1.2 -10 2140
24 Iraq 47 24 45 55 1.1 22 1790
25 Kazakhstan 131 65 53 53 1.0 1 3400
  Total of above countries 2403 3027 3650 3118 61.4 -15 750
  Total other countries 1696 1800 2311 1960 38.6 -15 730

 

Inflows of permanent immigrants into selected OECD and non-OECD countries, 2006-2009Click heading to sort – Download this data
Ignore Country 2006 2007 2008 2009 Change 2009/2008 (%)
SOURCE: OECD
1 Czech Republic 63,000 98,800 71,800 39,000 -45.7
2 Ireland 88,900 89,600 67,600 38,900 -42.5
3 Japan 104,100 108,500 97,700 65,500 -33.0
4 Korea 189,500 184,300 194,700 139,000 -28.6
5 Italy 171,300 537,200 489,100 369,000 -24.6
6 Spain .. 691,900 409,600 334,000 -18.5
7 Switzerland 86,300 122,200 139,100 114,800 -17.5
8 Denmark 23,900 30,300 45,600 38,400 -15.8
9 Belgium 35,600 40,300 43,900 37,700 -14.1
10 Germany 165,200 232,800 228,300 197,500 -13.5
11 Norway 28,300 43,700 48,900 43,100 -11.8
12 Finland 13,900 17,500 19,900 18,100 -9.1
13 Portugal 25,100 42,900 65,900 59,900 -9.0
14 New Zealand 54,800 52,000 51,700 47,200 -8.8
15 Austria 30,800 47,100 49,500 45,700 -7.8
16 France 195,300 184,500 192,200 178,700 -7.0
17 Sweden 78,500 74,400 71,000 71,300 0.4
18 Netherlands 73,000 80,600 89,600 90,500 1.0
19 Canada 251,600 236,800 247,200 252,200 2.0
20 United States 1,266,300 1,052,400 1,107,100 1,130,200 2.1
21 Australia 179,800 191,900 205,900 221,000 7.3
22 Russian Federation .. 252,000 268,500 299,000 11.4
23 United Kingdom 354,200 364,400 347,600 397,900 14.5
24 Mexico 6,900 6,800 15,100 23,900 57.9
25 Total – All countries   4,782,900 4,567,500 4,252,400  
26 Total – Excluding settlement countries   3,169,200 2,865,800 2,511,200  
27 Total – Excluding Belgium, Denmark, the Russian Federation and Spain 3,426,700 3,768,500 3,799,900 3,543,300  
28 All countries (annual % change)     -4.5 -6.9  

Source: OECD.

Bulgarians and Romanians applying for BR1 yellow card registration as students who wish to work are being forced to take out Comprehensive Sickness Insurance – a form of private medical cover. 

The insurance is a new requirement introduced by the UK Border Agency as part of changes to the BR1 Yellow Card form in June. 

The revised BR1 form does not make it clear that a student will need Comprehensive Sickness Insurance, as the actual question relates to those applying as ‘self sufficient’ EU applicants.

See article:

UK Border Agency launch new website

The newly revised UK Border Agency website has a better look and feel and navigation seems faster, but previously published links to specific pages of the site may no longer exist.

For instance, the link for European Workers is now:

http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/eucitizens/bulgaria-romania/work-permits/applying/

The link for ‘Bulgarian and Romanian nationals‘ is:

http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/eucitizens/bulgaria-romania/work-permits/

The UK Border Agency and Home Office website contains a vast amount of information which can be difficult to wade your way through the guidance and Immigration Rules.

The navigation section for European workers from Bulgaria and Romania also appears to have been simplified although finding specific information is still a challenge.

Confusion remains over the need for Bulgarians and Romanians applying for BR1 Yellow Cards as students to take out Comprehensive Sickness Insurance cover. 

The BR1 Form in Section 9 states:

‘If sections 4 (Students) and 5 (Self-sufficient) have been completed: evidence of ‘Comprehensive Sickness Insurance’ cover in the UK and funds to show you are economically self-sufficient, e.g. a bank statement.’

In other words, the paragraph means you need comprehensive sickness insurance only if you are applying under both ‘student’ and ‘self sufficient’ sections.

Nevertheless, student applicants are being asked to take out private medical insurance policies and are being refused if they fail to supply the correct cover.

What is the correct insurance cover?

One insurance company manager told Immigration Matters that he has been trying to get clarification on the exact requirements from the UK Border Agency for several weeks.

Active Quote offers an easy to use online quotation and application system, but also has telephone support from advisers who are on hand to answer questions.

To obtain a quotation for Comprehensive Sickness Insurance visit the Active Quote website 

See article:

 

UK Border Agency launch new website

The newly revised UK Border Agency website has a better look and feel and navigation seems faster, but previously published links to specific pages of the site may no longer exist.

For instance, the link for European Workers is now:

http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/eucitizens/bulgaria-romania/work-permits/applying/

The link for ‘Bulgarian and Romanian nationals‘ is:

http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/eucitizens/bulgaria-romania/work-permits/

The UK Border Agency and Home Office website contains a vast amount of information which can be difficult to wade your way through the guidance and Immigration Rules.

The navigation section for European workers from Bulgaria and Romania also appears to have been simplified although finding specific information is still a challenge.

Confusion remains over the need for Bulgarians and Romanians applying for BR1 Yellow Cards as students to take out Comprehensive Sickness Insurance cover. 

The BR1 Form in Section 9 states:

‘If sections 4 (Students) and 5 (Self-sufficient) have been completed: evidence of ‘Comprehensive Sickness Insurance’ cover in the UK and funds to show you are economically self-sufficient, e.g. a bank statement.’

In other words, the paragraph means you need comprehensive sickness insurance only if you are applying under both ‘student’ and ‘self sufficient’ sections.

Nevertheless, student applicants are being asked to take out private medical insurance policies and are being refused if they fail to supply the correct cover.

What is the correct insurance cover?

One insurance company manager told Immigration Matters that he has been trying to get clarification on the exact requirements from the UK Border Agency for several weeks.

Active Quote offers an easy to use online quotation and application system, but also has telephone support from advisers who are on hand to answer questions.

To obtain a quotation for Comprehensive Sickness Insurance visit the Active Quote website

See also:

Comprehensive Sickness Insurance now required for Bulgarian and Romanian study work yellow cards

Healthcare workers needed now

Immigration Rules for Bulgarian and Romanian nationals 

Free Movement of EU nationals explained

HOW TO FIND APPLICATION FORMS FOR A ‘YELLOW’ OR ‘BLUE’ CARD REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE ON THE UK BORDER AGENCY WEBSITE

Colleges and Universities discount fees to attract more Tier 4 students

If you need any immigration advice or help with Sponsorship or Work Permits, Visa, ILR/Settlement, Citizenship, dependant visa or an appeal against a refusal please email: 

info@immigrationmatters.co.uk or visit www.immigrationmatters.co.uk

STILL CONFUSED BY YELLOW CARD RULES?

Free presentations are being run at Bison UK Immigration Advisers for Employers, Romanians and Bulgarians – Monday to Friday, from 11am-12noon and 3-4pm. No need to book, just turn up.

Venue: 16 Shenley Road, Borehamwood, Hertfordshire WD6 1DL. Nearest Train Station: Elstree and Borehamwood Station; Buses from Edgware underground station: 107 and 292.

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