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Census shows 7.5 million rise in foreign-born UK residents | Immigration Matters

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Foreign-born resident numbers in England and Wales have rocketed to 7.5 million people, a jump of nearly three million since 2001, according to the 2011 census.

New Census figures reveal that one in eight or 13% of residents were born outside the UK, most commonly from India, Poland and Pakistan.

EU expansion has brought about the fastest demographic change in history, with well over a million migrants from Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria and Romania.

Bulgarians and Romanians need permission to work in the UK, but hundreds of thousands have still made their home here.

White British Londoners are now a minority, and the overall number of ethnic white British people has fallen to 80%.

Just 45% (3.7 million) of people in London are described as white British, down from 58% (4.3 million) in 2001.

Half the rise in the population of England and Wales is now due to immigration.

Other findings:

  • The number of people living in England and Wales is up 7% to 56.1 million
  • The Christian population was down 13 percentage points at 59% (33.2 million) in 2011, from 72% (37.3 million) in 2001
  • The number of those who said they had no religious affiliation increased by 10 percentage points from 15% (7.7 million) in 2001 to 25% (14.1 million) in 2011
  • 4.8 million people hold a foreign passport: 2.3 million from the EU and 2.4 million from outside the EU
  • Norwich was the place with the highest proportion of people reporting “no religion”
  • London had both the largest proportion of residents born outside the UK (37%) and non-UK nationals (24%)
  • 2 million households with at least two people had members from different ethnic groups in 2011, a 3% increase on 2001 (1.4 million)
  • The employment rate is estimated at 71.8%; unemployment is 7.5%
  • In Northern Ireland, the number of Protestants is now 48% (down 5 percentage points on the last census) and Catholics 45% (an increase of 1 percentage point)
  • Again in Northern Ireland, two-fifths (40%) saw themselves as British only, while a quarter (25%) identified themselves as Irish only and just over a fifth (21%) saw themselves as Northern Irish only
  • The number of people who speak Welsh has fallen in the past 10 years

BBC Home Affairs correspondent Dominic Casciani, writes:

This year’s questionnaire was sent to about 26 million households in England and Wales on 27 March last year and was compulsory to fill in.

The only voluntary question in the census related to religion and allowed people to declare themselves to be Christian (all denominations), Buddhist, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim, Sikh, of no religion or to list themselves as belonging to any other faith.

The census – which is used to plan public services – is carried out every 10 years, during which the public are asked questions about their jobs, health, education and ethnic background

Last year was the first time people could fill in the form online.

The 2011 census shows beyond any doubt that the UK is now in the midst of an astonishing era of demographic change due to globalisation.

Parts of the country are witnessing such rapid flows and movements of people that they are becoming super-diverse – home to many different people from many different backgrounds.

If you want just a snapshot of that rapid change – look at Boston in Lincolnshire.

In 2001, it was home to fewer than 1,500 people born abroad – and because of a statistical quirk many of those are thought to have been people born to parents once stationed with the British Army in Germany.

Today, almost 10,000 people born abroad call Boston home – and it has more Polish residents than any other local authority outside of the South East. The 2011 census confirms what people see around them. Source: BBC.

Last week Godfrey Bloom, an MEP (Member of the European Parliament) who represents UKIP in Yorkshire and North Lincolnshire, said there will be a “tidal flood” of immigrants from Bulgarian and Romania when UK work restrictions are lifted in 2014.

If you need any immigration advice or are worried about the new immigration rules or need help with Sponsorship or Tier 2, Tier 4, applying for university if your college has closed down, Visa, ILR, Settlement, Citizenship, Dependant Visa or an appeal against a UK Border Agency or British Embassy refusal, or if you have been waiting for a reply from the Home Office for longer than a year, please email: or visit for free immigration news updates.

Majestic College offer special packages for EU students. They also have a number of employers looking for staff right now and are willing to employ Bulgarians and Romanians.

For more information call Joanna on 0208 207 1020 or email:

Related immigration articles:

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Free Movement of EU nationals explained

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Immigration Rules for Bulgarian and Romanian nationals

Is the EU’s ‘Free Movement’ dream over?

European Commission warning to UK on Free Movement rights and Comprehensive Sickness Insurance remains unanswered

New Government funded courses available for Bulgarian and Romanian EU students

Employment restrictions for Bulgarians and Romanians extended until end of 2013

Yellow or Blue Card Refused – Appeal or Reapply?

How Romanians and Bulgarians working illegally without Yellow Card or papers can legalise their status in the UK

Bulgarians and Romanians to gain free movement rights to live and work in the UK by the end of 2013

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3 Responses to “Census shows 7.5 million rise in foreign-born UK residents”
Read them below or add one

  1. Where is this place? This is not my experience with Polish people. In fact I find them very clean and tidy.

  2. I’m surrounded by poles where i live, the community spirit has gone there’s rubbish everywhere & fly tipping is rife, i have traveled the world & have never come across a more ignorant selfish race

  3. […] Census shows 7.5 million rise in foreign-born UK residents […]

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